Restitution & Substitution (added to website on 02/19/2004)
A Letter From Andrew Jukes
September 15, 1890
Enclosed I send you a copy of a letter, which I have just received, from that grand old man, and "restitution" writer, - Andrew Jukes, of Woolwich, England. He is now near eighty years of age, very feeble in body but still strong in the faith of the blessed "Larger Hope." I send this because I think perhaps you and some of your readers will be interested in hearing from him, especially those who have read his works.
As touching our doctrine of the "Larger Hope," I would suggest, that we be content with calling it the "Larger," not the "Largest Hope;" for how do we know that it is the largest hope possible? How do we know that we have reached the limit, that is, the superlative degree? Truth and Hope are illimitable, and cannot be bounded by mortal man. And the failure of the host and confusion of sects of Christendom, in their attempts to limit and bound them, ought to convince all those, "who, by reason of use, have their senses exercised," "to discern the Signs of the times," that such a thing can not be done; for they are too broad, high, deep and grand to be successfully limited or bounded by the ingenuity of mortal man.
I believe that "the Christ" will judge both men and wicked angels, and in all cases his "judgment is unto victory;" and in due time "all things, both which are in heaven, and on earth," will be gathered together in him, even in Christ; so that God many be "all in all."
Truth and hope, like God's love, are sufficiently comprehensive to embrace all things; but perhaps it has not yet entered into the mind of fallible man, to conceive of the grandeur and comprehensiveness of what the expression, - "The Largest Hope," - truly means, or what God has in store for his creatures. And while it is true that our hope is larger than all others of which we may not know, yet when we claim it to be "the largest hope," then, we too, begin to limit and bound it, which, I think we should not do, until we "know it all;" - know fully, even as we are fully known.
May God help us to get rid of every "mark of the beast," and out of all narrow channels of thought; - out where we can freely bathe in the blessed sunlight of his illimitable truth, boundless love, ocean of wisdom, and drink in "hopes" larger and larger until we are "changed," and "caught up" to meet the Lord in the air, where "Faith" and "Hope" will be swallowed up of blissful reality, - Amen!!
Yours in the "Larger Hope."
J. W. Brite.
My Dear Brother:--
Your letter of July 23., reached me this week. I am now an old man, and all the writing is more or less an effort to me. The days are past when I could gird myself and walk wither I would. But I cannot receive your letter without attempting to send you a few lines of thanks and loving greeting, to bid you be of good cheer, and to rejoice, whatever reproach for a time may come upon you for your testimony as to the full salvation which Christ has wrought in giving himself a ransom for all men. I too, even as all God's prophets, have suffered for this testimony. You, in your free country can hardly believe how bitterly the truth of "the restitution of all things," was opposed when I first brought out my little book on this subject. First the Publisher to whom I offered it,--------,a very liberal house, said they were afraid to issue a book holding the doctrine I advocated. Then, when it was printed, not only the religious magazines generally, but even some of my best and oldest friends, condemned me. I was charged by one dear soul with not believing the Bible, and denying the "atonement," and I know not what else; and a dear and honored brother in Christ, when he heard that I had been invited to a conference of Christian brethren in Switzerland, said, that if I was permitted to be present, or to take a part, he would not attend the meeting.
I need not speak of things like this, I only refer to them to tell you to fear none of these things. The "Truth" is stronger than all lies. If it is misrepresented and condemned and slain, it yet will rise again. Christ is the Truth, and he must go conquering and to conquer, and must reign till all his enemies are subject to him.
You ask me if there are any magazines in this country that advocate the doctrine of Restitution. I know of none. But the truth spreads in spite of all opposition. The fact that my little book is in its 12th or13th edition is one proof of this. I feel sure, that, even among those who still profess to believe in the endless torment of the lost, there is much inward doubting. It was, I think, the "Contemporary Review," a so-called worldly magazine, which brought my little book very prominently into notice some seventeen years ago. One of the Professors of King's College, London, wrote an article in that magazine, giving an outline of the views advocated and recommending all who were interested in the question to read the book for themselves. This review, or notice, made my book known everywhere, for the Professor signed his name, and the "Contemporary" then, as now, circulated everywhere, both in England and the Colonies. I regard all this as the hand of God. He gave me the thoughts in my book, - He helped me to publish it, - it is, I believe, His help which has made it so widely known.
Of course there are now several other books, more or less clearly advocating the same views; - Farrar's "Eternal Hope" is one of these; Plumtre's "Spirits in Prison" is another. Besides these there are many single sermons on the same subject, but I forget their titles. Probably Mr. Whittaker, the Publisher in New York, who imports English books, could give far more information upon this point than I can.
The other matter of which you speak in your letter is the doctrine of Substitution. This subject, perhaps, requires even more care in the handling than the doctrine of Restitution. For though the popular so-called Evangelical view of Substitution is a gross mistake, and practically denies the union of Christ and his members, in his death and cross, saying that he died that we should not die, and suffered that we should not suffer, etc., there yet is a truth in Substitution, if that word is taken in its proper and original sense. "Substitution" means literally means "Standing in the place of another," or "being placed under the burden of another." "Standing in our Stead," means literally "in our place standing." "Stead" is simply the correct old English for "Standing." The true sense of the doctrine of substitution is that the Eternal Son of God came into and stood in our place or stead or standing. And this surely is the truth. By his taking flesh of a woman, he came into our nature and into our place and standing and still comes there to save us, joining himself to us, when we are by nature under the fall, to give us His Life, and to bear our curse and burden for us and WITH us.
The wrong view of Substitution, which is the so-called Evangelical or Puritan view, is that Christ, the Son of God, came into our place, not only by death to deliver us out of our place, (which is true,) but that we never should be in our place, which is simply nonsense and contradiction. Certainly he did not die that we should not die, as is so often and so falsely said; for ONLY "if we be dead with him shall we live with him," He did not take our place that we should never take it, for it is our place and we are by nature in it - "by nature children of wrath, even as other men." But He took our place, our nature and curse, standing with us in our lot, first to give us his life, and then by his death and "RESURRECTION" to bring us out of our lot into His lot. In a word, we are delivered not from death but BY it, and OUT OF IT. Our salvation is not the saving or reinstating of the old man; but his condemnation through the incarnation and death and resurrection of the Son of God, through our death and resurrection in him and WITH him.
The line of the offerings in Leviticus, however, shows us, not only that there are various and distinct aspects of the one great offering, which may be seen either as a sweet savour offering, or as a sin and trespass offering ; but also that there are, and always will be, very differing and imperfect apprehensions of the same offering, and even of the same aspect of it. We only see what we have learnt to see; and our first views of Christ, as our first views of everything, even in this world, are, and must be more or less imperfect. God knows THIS, if we forget it. Thank God, we are not saved by our views but by his grace. And just as by grace we walk in HIS life and in HIS light, the things of his kingdom will open to us and in us.
I write now with some difficulty, for years are telling on me, but I think perhaps that you will understand what I have written.
If I can I will send you by this post, a copy of some lectures which I delivered on the Offerings in Leviticus some forty-three years ago or more. I was a young man then, but even then, by grace, I was a cross-bearer: and though I might now, here and there, perhaps alter a word to make my meaning clearer, I still thank God for what he then showed me of the offering of Christ and HIS BODY. If the little book reaches you, please accept it with the writer's Christian Love.
Yours Very Truly.